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10 Must See Landmarks in Australia

posted in: Australia & NZ  |  posted by: Admin on November 16, 2007  |  72 Comments

Opera House1. Sydney Opera House (Sydney, Australia)
The Sydney Opera House is probably Australia?s most instantly recognizable landmark. With its soaring, sail-like arches that dominate its unique construction, the Sydney Opera House has come to represent Australia just as the Eiffel Tower represents France or the Roman Colosseum represents Italy. Queen Elizabeth II opened the structure to the public on October 20, 1973 and since that time the Opera House has become the busiest public venue in the world with some 3000 performances each year and a yearly audience of over 2 million. Guided tours are available, and over 200,000 people a year visit the architectural marvel each year just to tour it.

Harbour Bridge2. Sydney Harbor Bridge (Sydney, New South Wales)
The Sydney Harbor Bridge, affectionately known locally as ?The Coathanger?, is the world?s most massive steel arch bridge with the highest point soaring 134 meters above the harbor below. The bridge opened in 1932 and stands as an architectural marvel to this day. Images of the bridge are instantly recognizable around the world. Visitors to the area can take advantage of the Bridge Climb where, for a fee, they are escorted into the network of catwalks to the top of the span in the center. From here, the most spectacular view of Sydney Harbor can be experienced. The Bridge Climb can be taken during the day, twilight, or night for different panoramic perspectives.

Ayers Rock3. Uluru/Ayers Rock (Uluru ? Kata Tjuta National Park, Northern Territory)
Uluru, formerly known as Ayers Rock, is the world?s largest monolith, or single piece of stone, on the planet. Uluru is the traditional name given to the monolith by the local Pitjantjatjara people of the region who greatly revere the structure and attach significant spiritual importance to it. Uluru stands in stark contrast to the desert scrub surrounding the huge sandstone formation. Much like an iceberg in the cold seas, much of Uluru?s mass is hidden underground, but above ground Uluru soars 348 meters high and has an elliptical shape with a circumference of 9.4 kilometers. Guided walking tours are available of this geological marvel and Uluru is particularly notable for its striking appearance at different times of the year as it appears to change colors with the different light angles.

Great Barrier Reef4. Great Barrier Reef (coast of Queensland, Australia)
The whole continent of Australia is a land of unique natural wonders, but the Great Barrier Reef is the most famous. The Great Barrier Reef is, by far, the world?s largest coral reef system stretching 2600 kilometers in the aptly named Coral Sea off the coast of Queensland. With an area of over 300,000 square kilometers, the huge reef system can make the sole claim that it is the only visible living structure from outer space. The Reef is truly a natural wonder populated with unusual wildlife like the dugong, Loggerhead sea turtle, and many species of dolphins. The area is a major tourist destination with over 2 million visitors a year ? fueling the debate on the environmental impact of the numerous feet tramping on the fragile coral. While your in Queensland, journey further south from the the great barrier reef and tour Brisbane. Check our last minute guide to Brisbane.

Sydney Royal Botanic Gardens5. Royal Botanic Gardens (Sydney, Australia)
The Royal Botanic Gardens were first established in Sydney by Governor Bligh in 1816. Located near the center of downtown Sidney and the Sydney Opera House, the Gardens provide a stark contrast to the surrounding urban area and unparalleled views of Sydney Harbor from a natural setting. Covering 30 hectares and adjacent to the 35 hectares making up the Domain, there are over 7500 species of plants represented here. Throughout the year there are presentations in the Gardens including art instruction, guided walks, tours of the historic Government House, and Aboriginal heritage tours.

Port Arthur6. Port Arthur (Tasmania)
Port Arthur is a great tourist destination full of Australian history. Founded as a penal settlement in 1830, Port Arthur originally served the British Empire as a timber station. Industry in the area soon followed and by the 1840s Port Arthur had a convict population of over 1100. However, by the 1870s the convicts were gone and left the buildings of the period that stand to this day that weren?t destroyed by fires in the late 19th century. Tourists soon followed after the settlement closed with an interest in viewing the ?horrors? of a British penal colony. Preservation of Port Arthur as a historic site was established with the creation of the Scenery Preservation Board in 1916. Today, ongoing archeological studies continue to dig up the penal colony past.

Coober Pedy7. Coober Pedy (South Australia)
Coober Pedy is most famous for the unusual lifestyle of a significant portion of it local residents who live underground all year. This practice came about when local resident sought escape from the oppressive heat before the days of modern air conditioning. Also known as the ?Opal Capital of the World,? Coober Pedy was first established as an opal mine in 1915. Today tourists can visit the old opal mines, visit underground churches, and lodge underground in a motel. The local golf course, with no grass, is played at night with glowing golf balls and a portable divot to tee from. The area is also devoid of trees and served as the backdrop for the post-nuclear apocalypse film titled Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome starring Australian son Mel Gibson. Find a Coober Pedy hotel and enjoy this must see landmark in Australia.

Kangaroo Island8. Kangaroo Island (South Australia)
Kangaroo Island is a pristine natural haven teeming with Australia?s unique wildlife. The wildlife here thrives in its natural state with koalas sleeping away their days in the trees, platypus occupying local streams, and wallabies and kangaroos hopping across the open spaces. Kangaroo Island is a must see for tourists to the area, there is no other spot on the Australian continent where wildlife viewing is so plentiful in a natural setting. This natural wonder is dotted with caves and striking rock formations. The area is also rich in history in locations such as Reeves Point on the island which was the first European settlement in South Australia.

The Bungle Bungles9. The Bungle Bungles (Purnululu National Park, Western Australia)
The Bungle Bungles are unique, beehive-shaped sandstone formations located in Purnululu National Park that was created after the discovery of the structures. Long known to the local Aborigines, the Bungle Bungles were only discovered by outside civilization in the 1980s when a television crew came upon them. This fact can help the reader understand how remote the Bungle Bungles are in the heart of the Australian Outback some 250 kilometers south of Kununurra. It?s a tough trek getting there as one must first venture along 80 kilometers of dirt roads only navigable by four-wheel drive. The trip is well worth it as the area is a breathtaking natural environment with the Cathedral and Piccaninny Gorges, and the Echidna Chasm. If venturing here be sure to bring your hiking garb, as you will need it.

Castle Hill QLD10. Castle Hill (Townsville, Queensland)
Uluru is the most famous, but not the only huge monolith in Australia. Another is Castle Hill, a huge pink granite rock. Paved roads go to the summit of Castle Hill, offering excellent views of the coastal city of Townsville below. Castle Hill served an important purpose for the area in WWII when military bases and defensive batteries were installed there. Rumors from the era indicate a network of underground tunnels were built under Castle Hill and even a bunker inside the Hill, lending some urban legend mystique to the site. Today there are several tunnels where the entrances are cordoned off by steel poles, giving credence to the legend.

Continue reading more about Australia and its landmarks in our follow up post Ten MORE Must See Landmarks in Australia.

Responses to this Article

72 Responses to “10 Must See Landmarks in Australia”

  1. Loulou says on

    1. Sydney Opera House (Sydney, Australia)
    The Sydney Opera House is probably Australia?s most instantly recognizable landmark. With its soaring, sail-like arches that dominate its unique construction, the Sydney Opera House has come to represent Australia just as the Eiffel Tower represents France or the Roman Colosseum represents Italy. Queen Elizabeth II opened the structure to the public on October 20, 1973 and since that time the Opera House has become the busiest public venue in the world with some 3000 performances each year and a yearly audience of over 2 million. Guided tours are available, and over 200,000 people a year visit the architectural marvel each year just to tour it.

    This is my fav i hope to go

  2. Bobbie says on

    I want to go see Australia all together. I’d love to see everything. I hope I get to go soon.

  3. Kangaroo Jack says on

    Kangaroo Island is absolutely amazing! I have been and there are so many animals walking around and talking! is the closest to a koala ive ever been! It is so cool! I definently recommend it if you are one who enjoys wildlife and a relaxing beach as well.

  4. ded says on

    i do school project look at landmarks good 10

  5. raamiya ruluhu says on

    great information. great for school projects and great info for tourists, make me feel like going to australia

  6. caitlin.milliner says on

    i never new there was soooooooooooo many land marks

  7. rachel says on

    they all sound so wonderful, helped me when i was touring ozzie

  8. Morgan says on

    I wanna go there so bad.

  9. Aaron Hayward - Adelaide SEO says on

    Kangaroo Island is definitely a great place to see if you like wildlife, its everywhere over there. Since they dont have as many ferral animals like the main land. Definitely the best fishing in South Australia aswell.

  10. jess says on

    nice job at getting all that information.

  11. Steve says on

    But what about Fraser Island National Park and Kakadu National Park? I would think they would rank higher than either Castle Hill or the Sydney Royal Botanic Garden.

  12. hv says on


  13. bob says on


  14. Abhimanyu PS says on

    I used this for my school research project

  15. Vickario@Electric Adjustable Beds says on

    Beautiful places! I would love to go to Australia one day to check these places out.

  16. Sarzz xo. says on

    I Live In Australia :)
    Tasmania to Be honest and i wish myself to visit some of these places.
    Australia is a beautiful place…

  17. Mike says on

    I would love to see all of them, even tho I live in Australia I never had the chance.

  18. australia rocks says on

    l luv australia its looks so fascinating 2 me! i would luv 2 go there! someone take me! jk

  19. kieran mcg says on

    Australia sounds so loveley I want to go so bad

  20. GRETTEL says on

    I really want live there I dream to know the kangaroo

  21. Aussie says on

    I am soo lucky to live in australia:)

  22. aussie rules says on

    im doing an assessment about australia & this really helped. :)
    even though i live in australia.
    i rlly wanna see ayers rock!

  23. resident says on

    i live in ozzie yet surprisingly ive never seen any of those myself, beds my favourite place in australia

  24. Hey Hey says on

    I went to Port Athur for camp. It is a great place. When you go there, you should go on the Ghost Tour. It is a little spooky, but cool. :D

  25. Hey Hey says on

    I do live in Australia, and all of those landmarks are awesome to see :D :D

  26. Pimp Daddy says on

    go fuck yourself!!! btw i whould like to see australia too really bad

  27. Bianca says on


  28. molly98 says on

    australia rocks come to perth it is beatiful

  29. USA USA USA USA USA says on


  30. jordon.millner says on


  31. curly gon mad says on

    dis site helped me alot wit my assignment on australia tanks a lot :-)

  32. jy says on

    Whew this website has all the information i need for doing my school poject doing the last minute lol^^

  33. toni says on

    this was helpful for my 9yr old daughters homework, and she thinks there all neat along with all the theme parks. As for the USA comment who gives a crap about hooters it proberly full of blondees anyway you can see boobs anywhere in the world landmarks like these you don’t and we don’t even live in ozzy we come from New Zealand and our county in clean and green.

  34. Wow. says on

    Australia looks wonderful! I would love to go! And for those who are to imature to really understand the natural and man made beauty of Australia, don’t leave a comment.

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  38. bahbah says on

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  39. bahbah says on

    give me info on outback?????????????????

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  45. Alwanagotsfana says on

    OK. I have to say but there needs to be more places to go. Although I wanna go to Sydney, and yeah there are stuff that are heaps better and it’s not even listed!!! This is a good website though…!!!

  46. Methodenmann says on

    Lesen hat sich gelohnt. Vielen Dank

  47. sasha says on

    This really helped me with some last minute homework!!! Thanks :)

  48. your face says on

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  49. your face says on

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  50. asia says on

    i want to go to australia

  51. lisa says on

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  52. Wats it to ya says on

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  53. Bob says on

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  56. wannag2landdownunder10 says on

    OMG! I’m making a travel website with every continent and this is exactly the kind of stuff im looking for. I knew about a few of these places, but you know i never realized that picture with the big building with the arches that i recognized as syndey’s entrance is an opera house! i’m definitley going to mention all of these on my site. Check it out!

  57. tamara says on

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  59. sara says on

    at first i did not want to ever go to ausrilla because i heard they were deadly jellyfish and other animals but now i sorta of want to go !

  60. kianna;) says on

    i really hope to go there some day !

  61. brandon says on

    thax i needed help om my project :):):)

  62. LucyyLiccyy says on

    Really Helped wit my homework,, thankss :) :L thiss was reallyy helpfull :D

  63. cherr37 says on

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  64. mali says on

    thankss heaaps :)
    really needed some landmarks for my humo assignment
    thanks againn


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